Linux命令之sysctl命令

sysctl命令被用于在内核运行时动态地修改内核的运行参数,可用的内核参数在目录/proc/sys中。它包含一些TCP/ip堆栈和虚拟内存系统的高级选项, 这可以让有经验的管理员提高引人注目的系统性能。用sysctl可以读取设置超过五百个系统变量。
sysctl(选项)(参数)

选项
-n:打印值时不打印关键字;
-e:忽略未知关键字错误;
-N:仅打印名称;
-w:当改变sysctl设置时使用此项;
-p:从配置文件“/etc/sysctl.conf”加载内核参数设置;
-a:打印当前所有可用的内核参数变量和值;
-A:以表格方式打印当前所有可用的内核参数变量和值。

参数
变量=值:设置内核参数对应的变量值。
实例
#查看所有可读变量
sysctl -a

#读一个指定的变量:kern.maxproc
sysctl kern.maxproc kern.maxproc: 1044

#设置一个指定的变量kern.maxfiles,直接用variable=value
sysctl kern.maxfiles=5000
kern.maxfiles: 2088 -> 5000
可使用sysctl修改系统变量,也可通过编辑sysctl.conf文件来修改系统变量。sysctl.conf看起来很像rc.conf。它用variable=value的形式来设定值。指定的值在系统进入多用户模式之后被设定。并不是所有的变量都可以在这个模式下设定。 sysctl变量的设置通常是字符串、数字或者布尔型。(布尔型用 1 来表示'yes',用 0 来表示'no')。
sysctl -w kernel.sysrq=0
sysctl -w kernel.core_uses_pid=1
sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects=0
sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route=0
sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter=1
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies=1
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog=2048
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout=30
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries=2
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time=3600
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling=1
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_sack=1
配置sysctl 编辑此文件:/etc/sysctl.conf 若该文件为空,则输入以下内容,否则根据情况自己做调整:
# Controls source route verification
# Default should work for all interfaces
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
# net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1
# net.ipv4.conf.lo.rp_filter = 1
# net.ipv4.conf.eth0.rp_filter = 1

# Disables IP source routing
# Default should work for all interfaces
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
# net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
# net.ipv4.conf.lo.accept_source_route = 0
# net.ipv4.conf.eth0.accept_source_route = 0

# Controls the System Request debugging functionality of the kernel
kernel.sysrq = 0

# Controls whether core dumps will append the PID to the core filename.
# Useful for debugging multi-threaded applications.
kernel.core_uses_pid = 1

# Increase maximum amount of memory allocated to shm
# Only uncomment if needed!
# kernel.shmmax = 67108864

# Disable ICMP Redirect Acceptance
# Default should work for all interfaces
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0
# net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
# net.ipv4.conf.lo.accept_redirects = 0
# net.ipv4.conf.eth0.accept_redirects = 0

# enable Log Spoofed Packets, Source Routed Packets, Redirect Packets
# Default should work for all interfaces
net.ipv4.conf.default.log_martians = 1
# net.ipv4.conf.all.log_martians = 1
# net.ipv4.conf.lo.log_martians = 1
# net.ipv4.conf.eth0.log_martians = 1

# Decrease the time default value for tcp_fin_timeout connection
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 25

# Decrease the time default value for tcp_keepalive_time connection
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 1200

# Turn on the tcp_window_scaling
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1

# Turn on the tcp_sack
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1

# tcp_fack should be on because of sack
net.ipv4.tcp_fack = 1

# Turn on the tcp_timestamps
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 1

# Enable TCP SYN Cookie Protection
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1

# Enable ignoring broadcasts request
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 1

# Enable bad error message Protection
net.ipv4.icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses = 1

# make more local ports available
# net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000

# set TCP Re-Ordering value in kernel to ‘5′
net.ipv4.tcp_reordering = 5

# Lower syn retry rates
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 2
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 3

# Set Max SYN Backlog to ‘2048′
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 2048

# Various Settings
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 1024

# Increase the maximum number of skb-heads to be cached
net.core.hot_list_length = 256

# Increase the tcp-time-wait buckets pool size
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 360000

# This will increase the amount of memory available for socket input/output queues
net.core.rmem_default = 65535
net.core.rmem_max = 8388608
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 8388608
net.core.wmem_default = 65535
net.core.wmem_max = 8388608
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 65535 8388608
net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 8388608 8388608 8388608
net.core.optmem_max = 40960
屏蔽别人 ping 你的主机:
# Disable ping requests
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_all = 1
编辑完成后,执行以下命令使变动立即生效:
/sbin/sysctl -p
/sbin/sysctl -w net.ipv4.route.flush=1

评论

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  1. #1

    松松软文发布 (2016-11-21 09:28:03) 沙发
    看着头晕

  2. #2

    Suvan (2016-11-21 16:47:02) 板凳
    ?

  3. #3

    Sharp.CJ (2016-11-21 19:07:49) 地板
    每日一篇,能坚持确实不容易啊~

  4. #4

    Suvan (2016-11-21 19:09:24)
    有没有兴趣一起玩??

  5. #5

    Sharp.CJ (2016-11-21 19:14:29)
    没钱啊~我之前自己搭了一个网站,拿自己的电脑当服务器,只能玩玩而已。很不稳定。

  6. #6

    Sharp.CJ (2016-11-21 19:16:37)
    等下晚上找你详细了解下~